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Succulents


As you all know, there are so many varieties of succulents, that I decided to put the succulents in their own category.  Hopefully this will help us amateur growers out here to make a few more survive, with the tips and suggestions I found on the net.  I will also include a 'resources' page to show where I am getting such information from - in respect to those who took the time to place such pages, and to show you where I got such info.  Good luck, and happy growing!


Pots and containers
Two types of pots are available, clay or plastic. Both types of pot are used successfully by growers, mainly as a matter of personal preference. Plastic pots are lighter, cheaper, require less watering and are easy to keep clean. Clay pots can provide stability for tall plants and can help to mitigate the effects of over-watering, but their accumulated weight requires strong staging.

Many cacti and succulents have fibrous roots and do not require or use the full depth of a standard pot, and half pots or pans are more suitable. Putting a shallow rooted specimen in a deep pot is counter-productive as the soil below the reach of the roots will stay wet for prolonged periods after watering and may become stagnant. Those species which have tuberous or tap roots may require more depth and will probably grow better in a standard pot.  All pots of whatever type chosen, should have drainage holes and the bottom should be lined with several pieces of broken clay pots or large clean gravel.
 

Lighting:
Most cacti and succulents need as much light as possible, and a south or south-east facing windowsill, conservatory, cold-frame or greenhouse is ideal. The type of plant that can be grown in these different locations is mainly limited by the minimum winter temperature that is likely to be reached. Lots of sunshine is essential to prevent plants from becoming "drawn" and to promote flowering. Although cacti often grow naturally in intense sunlight, they can become adapted to the lower light intensities in e.g. an English climate. Therefore, beware of scorching during the first sunny days of Spring after a long, dark winter.

Watering
While growing, cacti and succulents cannot go for prolonged periods without water.  During the summer when it is very hot, water once a week, giving the soil a good soaking. When the weather is cooler, increase the interval between each watering. The potting mixture should dry out between waterings. During winter, cacti and many succulents rest, so they require little or no water, but this depends a little on temperature and light levels. If you grow plants indoors on the window sill of a heated room, they will require some water during the winter.

Never leave cacti and succulents standing in water for prolonged periods. This is the most certain way to kill your plants.